Cel·er·i·ty [sɪˈlɛrɪtɪ] — Noun
Celerity from Old French celerite, from Latin celeritas, that is from ‘celer’ meaning ‘swift’.
For·ti·tude [ˈfɔːtɪˌtjuːd] — noun
- Strength and firmness of mind
- Resolute endurance
Fortitude derives from Latin fortitūdō, meaning courage.
De·men·ta·tion [krey-zee] — Noun
- The act of depriving of reason
Dementation derives from Late Latin dementare, to drive mad, from Latin de- + mens mind.
The Moirae, Moerae or Moirai (in Greek Μοῖραι – the “apportioners”, often called The Fates), in Greek mythology, were the white-robed personifications of destiny (Roman equivalent: Parcae, euphemistically the “sparing ones”, or Fata; also equivalent to the Germanic Norns). Their number became fixed at three, the three Moirae were:
- Clotho (English pronunciation: /ˈkloʊθoʊ/, Greek Κλωθώ [klɔːˈtʰɔː] – “spinner”) spun the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle. Her Roman equivalent was Nona, (the ‘Ninth’), who was originally a goddess called upon in the ninth month of pregnancy.
- Lachesis (/ˈlækɨsɪs/, Greek Λάχεσις [ˈlakʰesis] – “allotter” or drawer of lots) measured the thread of life allotted to each person with her measuring rod. Her Roman equivalent was Decima (the ‘Tenth’).
- Atropos (/ˈætrəpɒs/, Greek Ἄτροπος [ˈatropos] – “inexorable” or “inevitable”, literally “unturning”, sometimes called Aisa) was the cutter of the thread of life. She chose the manner of each person’s death; and when their time was come, she cut their life-thread with “her abhorred shears”. Her Roman equivalent was Morta (‘Death’).
Read the whole article on the Moirae on Wikipedia.
- “to sing” or “the one that is melodious”
- Initially the Muse of Singing, Melpomene then became the Muse of Tragedy, for which she is best known now.
Melpomene (Greek Μελπομένη) is derived from the Greek verb melpô or melpomai meaning “to celebrate with dance and song.”
Nec·ro·man·cy [ˈnɛkrəʊˌmænsɪ] — noun
- A form of magic in which the practitioner seeks to summon the spirit of a dead person, either as an apparition or ghost, or to raise them bodily, for the purpose of divination.
- Black magic; Sorcery.
The word necromancy derives from the Greek νεκρός (nekrós), “dead body”, and μαντεία (manteía), “prophecy, divination”. The compound νεκρομαντεία itself is post-classical, first used by Origen in the 3rd century. The classical Greek term is nekyia (ἡ νέκυια), in Hellenistic Greek also νεκυιομαντεία, rendered in Latin as necyomantia and in 17th century English as necyomancy.
thau·ma·tur·gy [thȯ-mə-tər-jē] — noun
- the performance of miracles
- magic; witchcraft, wizardry
The word thaumaturgy originates from Greek “θαῦμα” (thaûma) meaning “miracle” or “marvel” and ἔργον (érgon), meaning “work”.